The problems and the solutions with factions in the american government

I am sensible they are not so strong as to satisfy gentlemen of every description who have seen and examined thoroughly the texture of such a defence; yet, as they have a tendency to impress some degree of respect for them, to establish the public opinion in their favor and rouse the attention of the whole community, it may be one means to control the majority from those acts to which they might be otherwise inclined.

The greater number of fit characters means that the opportunities for selection of worthy representatives are increased. What does Madison mean by faction? More: extensiveness would of necessity involve the inclusion of a greater number of parties and interests which would hamper the formation of factious majorities.

most important federalist papers

Debate, deliberation, and reason, the characteristics of decent and orderly government, will be of no avail in modifying or thwarting their ambitions.

The friend of popular governments never finds himself so much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he contemplates their propensity to this dangerous vice. This is indicative of the misdirection and sad state of our thinking about the problem of the nature of factions.

What were formerly regarded as dispensations by government are now looked upon as vested rights. And, as we have seen, he sees no need to depart from the republican principle that, of course, leaves majorities virtually unlimited.

To recur to our football team analogy, the coach of the high school with 5, students may by design, ignorance, or stupidity select the worst, not the best, available talent for the team. Yet, it is also one they have not chosen to explore with any intellectual rigor.

What is a faction in government

His avowed strategic purpose in Federalist 10 is to convince the reader that in the extended republic the effects of majority faction can be controlled without violence to these republican principles. Does Madison's argument contradict the premise of the Declaration of Independence that "all men are created equal"? According to Madison, what is the purpose of government? What is the problem Madison seeks to address in this essay? Certainly, in back of, or overarching their democratic caucusing, as Roche would have it, there must have been a prior and fairly wide consensus as to the feasibility of their undertaking. This matter can be put another way. Precisely because of the conditions necessitated by and associated with extensiveness. One approach that leads to the heart of the enigma is to focus on solutions to the problem of majority factions that Madison expressly rejects. In sum, an active government involves a form of bribery in which only a few can afford to remain neutral. The valuable improvements made by the American constitutions on the popular models, both ancient and modern, cannot certainly be too much admired; but it would be an unwarrantable partiality, to contend that they have as effectually obviated the danger on this side, as was wished and expected. The situation is such that the contention advanced by John Roche seems warranted. In a free government the security for civil rights must be the same as that for religious rights. Here, again, we find the conditions of the small and large republic contrasted. In other words, the possibilities of one man or a small group of men manipulating the electoral outcome are drastically diminished.

Why are we to assume majorities will almost always act in a manner consistent with the public good? The extent of the shift since the New Deal can hardly be exaggerated.

Thus, disentangling their arguments is sometimes a difficult matter.

what are factions

Besides other impediments, it may be remarked that, where there is a consciousness of unjust or dishonorable purposes, communication is always checked by distrust in proportion to the number whose concurrence is necessary

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Principles of American government (article)