I am sensible they are not so strong as to satisfy gentlemen of every description who have seen and examined thoroughly the texture of such a defence; yet, as they have a tendency to impress some degree of respect for them, to establish the public opinion in their favor and rouse the attention of the whole community, it may be one means to control the majority from those acts to which they might be otherwise inclined.
The greater number of fit characters means that the opportunities for selection of worthy representatives are increased. What does Madison mean by faction? More: extensiveness would of necessity involve the inclusion of a greater number of parties and interests which would hamper the formation of factious majorities.
Debate, deliberation, and reason, the characteristics of decent and orderly government, will be of no avail in modifying or thwarting their ambitions.
The friend of popular governments never finds himself so much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he contemplates their propensity to this dangerous vice. This is indicative of the misdirection and sad state of our thinking about the problem of the nature of factions.
What were formerly regarded as dispensations by government are now looked upon as vested rights. And, as we have seen, he sees no need to depart from the republican principle that, of course, leaves majorities virtually unlimited.
To recur to our football team analogy, the coach of the high school with 5, students may by design, ignorance, or stupidity select the worst, not the best, available talent for the team. Yet, it is also one they have not chosen to explore with any intellectual rigor.
Why are we to assume majorities will almost always act in a manner consistent with the public good? The extent of the shift since the New Deal can hardly be exaggerated.
Thus, disentangling their arguments is sometimes a difficult matter.
Besides other impediments, it may be remarked that, where there is a consciousness of unjust or dishonorable purposes, communication is always checked by distrust in proportion to the number whose concurrence is necessary