The influenza pandemic of 1918
Navy was hit with the flu, while 36 percent of the Army became ill, and troops moving around the world in crowded ships and trains helped to spread the killer virus. Even President Woodrow Wilson suffered from the flu in early while negotiating the crucial treaty of Versailles to end the World War Tice.
Propaganda campaigns and war restrictions and rations had been implemented by governments. The flu was devastating to both sides, killing more men than their own weapons could.
1918 flu archives
Funeral parlors were overwhelmed and bodies piled up. The symptoms were gruesome: Sufferers would develop a fever and become short of breath. Since the medical practitioners were away with the troops, only the medical students were left to care for the sick. The pandemic occurred in three waves. Those who get very ill stay home, and those mildly ill continue with their lives, preferentially spreading the mild strain. Other outbreaks of Spanish influenza occurred in the s but with declining virulence. I opened the window, And in-flu-enza. View Images The Spanish flu did not strike in Australia until Regarding global economic effects, many businesses in the entertainment and service industries suffered losses in revenue, while the health care industry reported profit gains. Then, in pockets across the globe, something erupted that seemed as benign as the common cold. Spanish Flu Pandemic Ends By the summer of , the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity. Slower-progressing cases featured secondary bacterial pneumonia, and possibly neural involvement that led to mental disorders in some cases. One hundred thousand soldiers were in transit through the camp every day. In India the mortality rate was extremely high at around 50 deaths from influenza per 1, people Brown. Victims died within hours or days of developing symptoms, their skin turning blue and their lungs filling with fluid that caused them to suffocate.
The south Pacific island of Western Samoa modern-day Samoa lost one-fifth of its population. Some communities closed all stores or required customers to leave orders outside.
Mass graves were dug by steam shovel and bodies buried without coffins in many places. The virus killed almost ,00 in October of alone.
The influenza pandemic of 1918
The drama of the war also served to obscure the unusually high mortality rates of the new virus. Most of humanity felt the effects of this strain of the influenza virus. People were struck with illness on the street and died rapid deaths. The exact numbers are impossible to know due to a lack of medical record-keeping in many places. Since , there have been several other influenza pandemics, although none as deadly. The flu that winter was beyond imagination as millions were infected and thousands died. India is believed to have suffered at least Australia, which had quickly enacted quarantine restrictions, managed to escape the worst of the flu until the beginning of , when the disease finally arrived and took the lives of several thousand Australians. The sick, who experienced such typical flu symptoms as chills, fever and fatigue, usually recovered after several days, and the number of reported deaths was low. Estimates on the exact number of fatalities vary wildly, from 20 million to 50 million to million deaths. Spanish Flu Pandemic Ends By the summer of , the flu pandemic came to an end, as those that were infected either died or developed immunity. The pandemic was caused by an influenza A virus known as H1N1. The first wave had resembled typical flu epidemics; those most at risk were the sick and elderly, while younger, healthier people recovered easily.
The experiences of people in military camps encountering the influenza pandemic: An excerpt for the memoirs of a survivor at Camp Funston of the pandemic Survivor A letter to a fellow physician describing conditions during the influenza epidemic at Camp Devens A collection of letters of a soldier stationed in Camp Funston Soldier The origins of this influenza variant is not precisely known.
View Images A magnified view of the H1N1 virus responsible for the pandemic.
The influenza pandemic of 1918 worksheet answers
At this early stage, the illness was not well understood and deaths were often attributed to pneumonia. It then mutated in the United States near Boston and spreading to Brest, France , Europe's battlefields, Europe, and the world via Allied soldiers and sailors as the main spreaders. Even President Woodrow Wilson suffered from the flu in early while negotiating the crucial treaty of Versailles to end the World War Tice. Hemorrhages filled the lungs with blood and caused catastrophic vomiting and nosebleeds, with victims drowning in their own fluids. Another physician recalls that the influenza patients "died struggling to clear their airways of a blood-tinged froth that sometimes gushed from their nose and mouth," Starr, In just one year, , the average life expectancy in America plummeted by a dozen years. Some towns required a signed certificate to enter and railroads would not accept passengers without them. The outbreak of this influenza virus, also known as Spanish flu, spread with astonishing speed around the world, overwhelming India, and reaching Australia and the remote Pacific islands. The number of war-related deaths of young adults may have overshadowed the deaths caused by flu. Of these deaths, influenza was specifically listed as the cause of death in cases, representing 4. Those who get very ill stay home, and those mildly ill continue with their lives, preferentially spreading the mild strain. This pattern of morbidity was unusual for influenza which is usually a killer of the elderly and young children.
Davis argued the Spanish flu—Don Juan connection allowed Spaniards to make sense of their epidemic experience by interpreting it through their familiar Don Juan story. The first licensed flu vaccine appeared in America in the s.
In the two years that this scourge ravaged the earth, a fifth of the world's population was infected. The hospital treated thousands of victims of chemical attacks, and other casualties of war.
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