Role of government in economic planning in india
In rural areas, the government has undertaken programs to mitigate the worst effects of adverse monsoon rainfall, which affects not only farmers but village artisans and traders when the price of grain rises.
Its specialized groups and committees are the primary decision-makers and specialized managers, directors and financial advisers operate under formal bureaucratic procedures, replacing the individual entrepreneur's role see also intrapreneurship.
Role of government in economic planning in india
Proponents of decentralized economic planning have also criticized central economic planning. Probably the most important initiative has been the supply of basic commodities, particularly food at controlled prices, available throughout the country. Marxist critics did not give much thought to how the economy would be run after capitalism had been abolished; most of them professed to see no difficulty in organizing the society that would follow. The Fourth Five-Year Plan FY called for a 24 percent increase over the third plan in real terms of public development expenditures. The State is in a far better position to find the necessary resources through taxation borrowing and deficit-financing sources not open to private enterprise. The Third Five-Year Plan FY aimed at a substantial rise in national and per capita income while expanding the industrial base and rectifying the neglect of agriculture in the previous plan. In the s there was a general trend for governments to sell state-owned enterprises to the public and to reduce the extent of public regulation of particular sectors, such as air transport. The public sector accounted for 60 percent of plan expenditures, and foreign aid contributed 13 percent of plan financing. This involves the use of monetary policy, industrial policy and fiscal policy to steer the market toward targeted outcomes. But in the s the theory and practice of economic planning went through a crisis. The economy in both Malaysia and South Korea were instituted by a series of macroeconomic government plans First Malaysia Plan and Five-Year Plans of South Korea that rapidly developed and industrialized their mixed economies. In the postwar period, United States governments utilized such measures as the Economic Stabilization Program to directly intervene in the economy to control prices and wages, among other things, in different economic sectors. F Promoting Standard of Living- Economic planning ensures a better quality of products is provided to the various members of the society ensuring a better standard of living. Export growth was long ignored. The internal structures of corporations and companies had been transformed into what he called a " technostructure ".
In the s there was a general trend for governments to sell state-owned enterprises to the public and to reduce the extent of public regulation of particular sectors, such as air transport.
The eighth plan was finally launched in April and emphasized market-based policy reform rather than quantitative targets.
The result was a swollen, inefficient bureaucracy that took inordinate amounts of time to process applications and forms. The role of the businessman was increasingly bureaucratic and specific functions within the firm required increasingly specialized knowledge which could be supplied as easily by state functionaries in publicly owned enterprises.
Also Read. Despite these changes, the economy remained highly regulated by international standards. This resolution covered industries producing capital and intermediate goods.
For instance, a different form of planned economy operated in India during the Permit Raj era from to Private trading and industrial conglomerates the so-called large houses existed under the British and continued after independence.
Importance of economic planning
This indicates the need for direct participation of the government by way of investment in social overheads, so that the rate of development is quickened. Business leaders complained that they spent more time getting government approval than running their companies. Controls affecting industry were simplified, and greater reliance was placed on the price mechanism to achieve industrial efficiency. It called for development expenditures of nearly Rs1. The Government, therefore, sets out to introduce institutional and organisational reforms. Thus, if an underdeveloped country does not wish to remain caught up in a vicious circle, the Government must interfere with the market forces to break that circle. Custom Search. Foreign-exchange regulations were liberalized, foreign investment was encouraged, and import regulations were simplified. After that time, although the formal mechanisms for working up the national economic plan remained in existence, their impact upon national economic policy-making was much diminished. Marxist critics did not give much thought to how the economy would be run after capitalism had been abolished; most of them professed to see no difficulty in organizing the society that would follow. Objectives of Economic Planning- The objectives can be classified into various sources like economical, social, and political also. Planned obsolescence is often cited as a form of economic planning that is used by large firms to increase demand for future products by deliberately limiting the operational lifespan of its products.
Economic planning ensures full employment opportunities to prospective employees with desired skills and abilities.
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