Ebola virus what type of virus

what is ebola virus

This document provides overall guidance for control of Ebola and Marburg virus outbreaks: When an outbreak is detected WHO responds by supporting community engagement, disease detection, contact tracing, vaccination, case management, laboratory services, infection control, logistics, and training and assistance with safe and dignified burial practices.

Male Ebola survivors should be offered semen testing at 3 months after onset of disease, and then, for those who test positive, every month thereafter until their semen tests negative for virus twice by RT-PCR, with an interval of one week between tests.

In women who have been infected while breastfeeding, the virus may persist in breast milk.

Ebola virus what type of virus

He was admitted to the same hospital three days later when his condition worsened, and he died ten days after he was admitted. People can get the virus through sexual contact as well. Younger people appear to have better recovery rates than older people. His contacts completed the day follow-up period without becoming infected.

The virus has been detected in farmers who have had contact with infected pigs, but they have not shown any signs of illness.

Ebola virus treatment

Having tested negative, survivors can safely resume normal sexual practices without fear of Ebola virus transmission. She recovered from EVD, and tests were negative for the presence of the virus following her illness. Some survivors develop long-term complications, such as joint and vision problems. This knowledge can be used to design therapies that may be able to prevent a virus from entering into a cell and initiating an infection. There is as yet no proven treatment available for EVD. What is the history of Ebola? Ebola virus may persist in some body fluids, including semen. Studies of tissues taken from the chimpanzees showed results similar to human cases during the Ebola outbreaks in Zaire and Sudan. In Africa, people have developed Ebola after handling infected animals found ill or dead, including chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope, and porcupines. Genetic analysis suggests that the virus has been widely circulating in swine for many years, possibly even before the outbreak in the United States. As more dead chimpanzees were discovered, many tested positive for Ebola using molecular techniques. The source of all the Reston subtype outbreaks was traced to a single facility in the Philippines that exported the monkeys. It is possible that there are other reservoirs and vectors.

Although these family members were not tested, their symptoms and the subsequent pattern of virus spread are consistent with the EVD outbreak.

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Ebola virus disease