An introduction to the non violent civil disobedience as a means of protest

Civil disobedience pdf

If a disobedient is punished by the law, it is not for civil disobedience, but for the recognised offences she commits, such as blocking a road or disturbing the peace, or trespassing, or damaging property, etc. For example, refusing to pay taxes that support the military could be seen as either indirect or direct civil disobedience against military policy. It is to allow that the legitimacy of civil disobedience does not depend on the rightness of one's cause Raz , Some theorists go further and say that civil disobedience is, by definition, non-violent. The justifications for punishment can be forward-looking, backward-looking or some combination of the two. Where civil disobedience and rule departure differ is, first, in the identity of their practitioners. Therefore all such violations, justified and unjustified, should be treated the same. They claimed that harmony with universal moral law justifies such actions. But one often does require a right to do what one should not do cf. And in other cases, other minority groups may be unable or unwilling to coordinate.

Gans, Chaim, A more obvious difference between civil disobedience and conscientious objection is that, whereas the former is invariably illegal, sometimes the latter is legal. Mill maintains in On Liberty that if there are any persons who contest a received opinion, we should thank them for it, open our minds to listen to them, and rejoice that there is someone to do for us what we otherwise ought to do ourselves Mill It has been a major tactic of different nationalist movements in India and Africa as well as anti-war, labor, civil rights, and other social movements in different countries across the globe.

civil disobedience examples

Briefly, the right to civil disobedience could be grounded on something other than participation rights such as a right to object on the basis of conscience.

As such, persons who engage in political disobedience may view current policy as the best compromise between the need to act and the need to accommodate continued debate.

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Mercy involves a charitable concern for the well-being of the offender as a potential recipient of deserved punishment. Other civil disobedients who favour the existence of government still don't believe in the legitimacy of their particular government, or don't believe in the legitimacy of a particular law it has enacted.

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In other words, civil disobedients can either breach the law they oppose or breach a law which, other things being equal, they do not oppose in order to demonstrate their protest against another law or policy.

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Civil Disobedience (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)