The client status established the rights of the non-Muslims to property, livelihood and freedom of worship, but they were in essence treated as second-class citizens in the empire and referred to in Turkish as gavoursa pejorative word meaning " infidel " or "unbeliever".
New York: Berghahn, However, during the genocide years, this choice was usually not available. To begin to fully understand the events that unfolded between andit is first important to understand the history of conflict, especially religious conflict, in the region.
Citing the Armenian genocide and Turkey's refusal to admit guilt as their justification, the terrorists were momentarily successful in obtaining publicity for their cause.
Despite an ambiguous reference to Great Power supervision, the clause failed to offset the removal of the Russian guarantee with any tangible equivalent, thus leaving the timing and fate of the reforms to the discretion of the Sublime Porte.
The rail system connected many of the largest towns in the Ottoman Empire, but it was less extensive than the rail networks in the European countries. This genocide was preceded by a series of massacres in and inand was followed by another series of massacres beginning in Case, Holly.
To back up this claim, and to prevent any resistance to the impending assault, the Turkish government disarmed all of the Armenians in the Ottoman Empire.